Lord Byron, the British romantic poet, and satirist are regarded as one of the greatest English poets. He is best known for using the English language brilliantly and his amorous lifestyle. His name was George Gordon Byron, the sixth Baron Byron.
He was a leading personality in the Romantic Movement. He is also known as the most notorious and flamboyant of the major romantics as well as the most fashionable poet of the era.
Born on 22 January 1788, George Gordon Byron became “Lord Byron” at the age of 10. He considered Alexander Pope his ideal but never lost the touch of reality.
Lord Byron Works
He was a deist and freethinker. He supported liberty in his work and deeds as well. He gave time, energy, money and ultimately his life to the Greek war of independence.
He expressed his thinking through satire, verse narrative, lyric, ode, historical tragedy, speculative drama, confessional poetry, dramatic monologue, vigorous prose and some more.
The impact of Byron was great as he captivated the mind and heart of western people, which very few writers could do. His name is like the embodiment of Romanticism.
The Early Life of Lord Byron
Lord Byron was the sixth Baron of a fading aristocratic family. He was born clubfoot and this kept him self-cautious in his entire life. As a boy, George lacked discipline and sense of moderation because his father had abandoned him, he had a schizophrenic mother and a nurse, who used to abuse him.
In 1803, when he was 15-year-old, he fell deeply in love with his distant cousin and this unrequited passion is expressed in many of his poems. From 1805 to 1808, though Byron attended Trinity College, but was also engaged in several sexual escapades and fell deep into debt. He found
He found a diversion from school during this time and formed a stable relationship with John Cam Hobhouse, who invited him to liberal politics. He joined Cambridge Whig Club.
Early Writing of Lord Byron
Lord Byron’s first volume of poetry, Hours of Idleness, in 1808 received a scathing review. To this Byron retaliated and wrote a satirical poem, “English Bards and Scotch Reviewers”. This poem helped him gain his literary recognition as this confronted the community with wit and satire.
By the age of 21, Lord Byron had a seat in the House of Lords. He embarked a grand tour through Mediterranean and Aegean Sea after one year and wrote “Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage”. It was a poem from the reflections of a young man on traveling in foreign lands.
Lord Byron Poems
In July 1811, Byron’s mother died and he returned to England. He did a series of love affairs while staying there. The uproar and the guilt of these affairs could be seen in his dark and remorseful poems, “The Giaour,” “The Corsair” and “The Bride of Abydos”.
In September 1814, Byron proposed to Isabella Milbanke, an educated and intellectual lady and they married in January 1815.
In December of the same year, his daughter Augusta Ada, known as Ada Lovelace, was born. However, by January the couple got separated. Isabella left Byron because of his drinking, increased debt and
However, by January the couple got separated. Isabella left Byron because of his drinking, increased debt and rumors of his affair with his half-sister. One of the reasons was his bisexuality also. Byron never saw his wife and daughter after that.
Later Life of Lord Byron
Byron left England in April 1816 with an intention of never to return. He became friends with Percy Bysshe Shelley in Geneva. Here, Byron wrote his third canto to Childe Harold in which he depicted his travel from Belgium to Switzerland.
By the end of the summer the Shelley family departed for England and Mary Shelley’s stepsister, Claire gave birth to Byron’s daughter, Allegra in January.
However, in October 1816, Byron sailed with John Hobhouse to Italy and in his way, he continued being lustful with several women. These experiences have been portrayed in his greatest poem, “Don Juan”. This poem revealed a completely different side of Byron’s personality.
Lord Byron – The Hero
In 1823, Byron accepted an invitation to support Greek independence from the Ottoman Empire. Byron spent thousands of pounds of his own money and took command of a Greek unit personally.
On February 15, 1824, he fell ill. He was bled by the doctors there but the condition weakened further and perhaps gave him an infection as well.
At the age of 36, Byron died on April 19, 1824. He had become a hero in Greece and was deeply moaned in England as well. His body was brought back to England where the clergy refused to bury him at Westminster Abbey, as per the custom.
So, he was buried near Newstead, in the family vault. However, in 1969, 145 years after his death, a memorial of Byron could be placed on Westminster Abbey’s floor.