Famous London Buildings: While there are several buildings in London from the Victorian era, here is a list of some famous ones.
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Famous London Buildings
St Paul’s Cathedral
It is present at the top of Ludgate Hill and has been universally accepted as the masterpiece of the architect – Sir Christopher Wren. It was completed in 1710 – thirty-five years after the commencement. The church is in the form of a cross and its top is 365 feet above the ground.
It resembles St Peter’s in Rome, but with a length of 500 feet, is smaller than it. Within the walls are present the memorials to the nation’s most famous naval and military heroes. The Choir Stalls and Organ Case were carved by Grinling Gibbons. In the South, Aisle hangs the celebrated picture “The Light of the World” by W. Holman Hunt.
Big Ben and Westminster Bridge
The Big Ben is the great 13.5-ton bell and is housed in the Clock Tower of the Houses of Parliament – St Stephen’s Tower.
It is called Big Ben as the First Commissioner of Works at the time of its erection was Sir Benjamin Hall.
The clock has got four dials, and each is 23 feet in diameter. Westminster Bridge is 1160 feet long and 85 feet wide. It was built on the site of an earlier stone bridge by Page in 1856-62.
Westminster Abbey, or the Minster West of St Paul’s, is considered to have been founded by King Sebert in around 616 AD. A church was built in the same spot and nearly as large as the current edifice by Edward the Confessor in the 11th century, but Westminster Abbey was entirely rebuilt, and almost as we see it today by Henry III and Edward I.
The remains of the “Unknown Warrior” lie at the West End and in the large column of Red Granite is present the Westminster School Memorial to the men who fell in The Indian Mutiny campaigns. The architect was Sir Gilbert Scott, and it was built in 1854-59.
Law Courts and Temple Bar
The Law Courts, or the Royal Courts of Justice, took eight to build and were opened in 1882. The architect of this magnificent building was G. E. Street, who died just before the completion.
The Temple Bar Memorial built in 1880 marks the site of the original Temple Bar Gateway which was the western boundary of the city. according to tradition, the monarch halts before passing Temple Bar and obtains the permission of the Mayor.
The National Gallery
It was built in 1838 by the architect Wilkins, with a facade of the Grecian style, and it stands on the site of the old King’s Mews.
It houses one of the finest collections in the world and was formed in 1824 by buying thirty-eight pictures of Mr. Angerstein.
The Tower Bridge
The enormous Tower bridge spans the River Thames east of The Towe of London and was built in 1886-94.
The permanent footway id 142 feet above the water level and the roadway for traffic is about 30 feet above the high water mark. There are twin drawbridges which cross over a 200ft central span and can be raised in 11.5 mins.
Houses of Parliament
The houses of parliament are situated in the Palace of Westminster rebuilt in 1840-50. The original palace had been destroyed in a fire and was rebuilt from designs by Sir Charles Barry, and was selected from almost 100 designs called in for competition.
It is present over eight acres and contains eleven courts, a hundred staircases, and more than a thousand apartments. The largest tower is the Victoria Tower which is 340 feet high.